env_parent() returns the parent environment of
env if called
n = 1, the grandparent with
n = 2, etc.
env_tail() searches through the parents and returns the one
empty_env() as parent.
env_parents() returns the list of all parents, including the
empty environment. This list is named using
See the section on inheritance in
env_parent(env = caller_env(), n = 1) env_tail(env = caller_env(), last = global_env(), sentinel = NULL) env_parents(env = caller_env(), last = global_env())
The number of generations to go up.
The environment at which to stop. Defaults to the global environment. The empty environment is always a stopping condition so it is safe to leave the default even when taking the tail or the parents of an environment on the search path.
This argument is defunct, please use
An environment for
env_tail(), a list
of environments for
sentinel argument of
env_tail() has been deprecated in
rlang 0.2.0 and renamed to
last. It is defunct as of rlang 0.4.0.
# Get the parent environment with env_parent(): env_parent(global_env())#> <environment: 0x48aea10> #> attr(,"name") #>  "devtools_shims"# Or the tail environment with env_tail(): env_tail(global_env())#> <environment: base># By default, env_parent() returns the parent environment of the # current evaluation frame. If called at top-level (the global # frame), the following two expressions are equivalent: env_parent()#> <environment: 0x3ddbd48>env_parent(base_env())#> <environment: R_EmptyEnv># This default is more handy when called within a function. In this # case, the enclosure environment of the function is returned # (since it is the parent of the evaluation frame): enclos_env <- env() fn <- set_env(function() env_parent(), enclos_env) identical(enclos_env, fn())#>  TRUE